Operations

Commemorating International Day of UN Peacekeepers

Over the years last 72 years, in an effort to contribute to creating peace and stability, more than 125,000 Canadian peacekeepers have deployed around the world on peacekeeping missions.

May 29th, International Day of UN Peacekeepers, is a day to remember all the men and women that have left their own countries to help those living in unstable situations in other countries and to remember those that have lost their lives peacekeeping.

Camp Ziouani, Golan Heights, United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) mission area. November 04, 2002, Canadian peacekeeper Cpl Charlsey Jacob, a reservist from 23 Service Battalion in Hamilton, unwraps an auto atropine injector, during chemical defence refresher training at Camp Ziouani, Golan Heights. The atropine injector is used to counter the effects of chemical agents should troops be exposed to them. The mission of the Canadian Contingent of UNDOF, also known as OP DANACA, is to monitor and supervise the disengagement agreement between Israel and Syria. The Canadian Contingent provides most of the troops for the UNDOF Logistic Battalion, as well as a number of communications and headquarters personnel. Canadian peacekeepers have been serving with UNDOF since its inception, and will mark 29 years in the mission during April 2003. Photo: MCpl Frank Hudec, courtesy of Canadian Forces Combat Camera.

Since 1948 Canadians have served on over 35 peacekeeping missions, a few notable deployments include: Kuwait, the Balkans, Somalia, Congo, Cyprus, Rwanda, Haiti, and Mali.

While Canada has a long history of peacekeeping, over the last 30 years, since the 1990s, Canadians being deployed on UN peacekeeping missions has declined drastically.

According to The Canadian Encyclopedia, “Overall, Canada’s participation in UN peacekeeping missions has declined since the 1990s. In December 1992, for example, Canada contributed 3,825 personnel to UN peace operations. In contrast, 176 Canadians were involved in UN peace operations as of 30 June 2019.”

Troops from 1 Combat Engineer Regiment in Kuwait, after the Gulf War. (1991)

To mark this year’s International Day of UN Peacekeepers, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stated, “Today, we join the international community to recognize the courage, selflessness, and sacrifices of the more than 1 million people who have served as United Nations (UN) peacekeepers since 1948. We also honour the memory of the thousands who have lost their lives in the cause of peace.

“Whatever their nationalities or cultural backgrounds, UN peacekeepers share a common purpose: to protect those most vulnerable and help countries transition from conflict to peace. Every day, they work tirelessly to provide essential help and give hope to millions of people affected by conflicts. By supporting the empowerment of women and girls, advancing the rule of law, and promoting human rights, UN peacekeepers lay the groundwork for long-term, sustainable peace,” in a press release.

The Canadian Encyclopedia noted, throughout the years, approximately 110 Canadian have lost their lives while serving on peace operations.

With this year marking the 20th Anniversary of Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace, and security, the theme for International Day of UN Peacekeepers is Women in Peacekeeping: A Key to Peace.

A CH-147F Chinook helicopter technician re-assembles the final Chinook for MINUSMA at Camp Castor in Gao, Mali during Operation PRESENCE-Mali on August 16, 2018. Photo: Corporal Ken Beliwicz. Courtesy of Canadian Armed Forces.

“Moments ago, I laid a wreath at the Peacekeepers Memorial to honour the more than 3,900 women and men who have lost their lives since 1948 while serving under the United Nations flag,” noted UN Secretary-General António Guterres Dag Hammarskjöld at a medal ceremony in New York on May 29, 2020.

Due to COVID-19, the ceremony was held virtually. The UN Secretary-General noted that to date, two peacekeepers have lost their lives due to the virus.

n, Germany – November 04, 2015: UN Secretary-General António Guterres, at the time High Commissioner for Refugees of UNHCR, attends a press conference in german foreign office in Berlin, Germany. (Photo by Michael Gottschalk/Photothek via Getty Images). Image courtesy of United Nations.

“But, the virus is not the only threat that our peacekeepers face. Hostile acts, improvised explosive devices, accidents and diseases continue to take a heavy toll, stated Guterres.

He added, “Today, with the awarding of the Dag Hammarskjöld medal, we pay tribute to the 83 military, police and civilian personnel from 39 countries who lost their lives last year serving in United Nations peace operations.

“Unfortunately, I also want to say that, yesterday and today, two of our military colleagues have passed away due to COVID-19, [one peacekeeper from Cambodia and the other from El Salvador] both members of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA).”

2nd Battalion of the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) Battle Group Charlie Company serving on a United Nations Mission in Medak Pocket in Croatia.

During this year’s ceremony, Guterres noted every day women peacekeepers help improve all aspects of the UN’s operation and performance, ensuring better access to communities.

“Resolution 1325 (2000) was a milestone in recognizing that women have a right to full, equal, and meaningful participation in peace processes, conflict resolution and peacebuilding. It is also emphasized that women peacekeepers play an essential role for the success of our peace operations,” Guterres noted.

International Day of UN Peacekeepers is different from National Peacekeepers’ Day in Canada, which is commemorated on August 9.

According to the Veterans Affairs Canada website National Peacekeepers’ Day provides Canadians the opportunity to express pride and respect to those that have worked or work in support of international peace and security operations.

Wednesday January 03, 2001 Eritrea, Africa. Cpl Gaetan Roy with Recconaissance (Recce) Platoon, the Second Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment, based out of Camp Gagetown, meets a young resident of Dek’emhare during a familiarization patrol in the Eritrean town January 3, 2001. Recce Platoon’s mission is to provide a security screen on the Eritrean side, north of the Temporary Security Zone, through frequent patroling and the conduct of surveillance operations. They are deployed for six months on Operation Eclipse, Canada’s contribution to United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Photo by: MCpl Danielle Bernier,J5PA. Image courtesy of Combat Camera.

The list of those that have worked towards peace and security includes:

  • Canadian Armed Forces personnel
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police members
  • Police force members,
  • Canadian diplomats
  • Civilians.

National Peacekeepers’ Day was established in Canada in 2008.

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