Royal Recipe for Victoria Sponge Cake

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Ingredients sponge

  • 3 eggs
  • 3/4 cup caster sugar* (150g caster sugar)
  • 2/3 cup unsalted butter (150g unsalted butter)
  • 1 1/3 cup sieved self-raising flour** (150g sieved self-raising flour)
  • 1/2 tsp of vanilla essence*** (1/2 tsp of vanilla essence)
  • 100g jam (strawberry or raspberry)

Ingredients buttercream

  • 2/3 unsalted butter (150g softened unsalted butter)
  • 2 1/4 cups sieved icing sugar (220g sieved icing sugar)
  • 1/3 vanilla pod or vanilla essence (1/3 vanilla pod or vanilla essence)


Directions Sponge 

  1. Preheat oven to 180C (375F) 
  2. Grease and line two 8 inch cake tins. If you only have one tin, you can bake the sponge cake and slice it in half. 
  3. Cream the caster sugar, vanilla essence, and softened unsalted butter until light and fluffy. (See notes regarding caster sugar)
  4. In a separate bowl, whisk the eggs. 
  5. Gradually add the beaten eggs, a little at a time, to avoid the mixture curdling. (If you don’t add a little at a time, it will curdle!) 
  6. Sieve the flour and fold into the mixture. (See notes regarding self-raising flour).
  7. Divide the cake mix between the two cake tins and smooth the mixture.
  8. Place on the middle shelf of the oven and bake for approximately 20 minutes, until the cake appears golden brown.
  9. Insert a skewer and ensure it comes out clean.
  10. Remove the sponges from their tins and leave to cool.

Assembling the cake

  1. Ensure that both sponges are completely cold before spreading a layer of jam onto the surface of one sponge.
  2. Spread a thick layer of buttercream on top of the jam (if you prefer this can be done first).
  3. Gently place the second sponge on top and gently press down.
  4. Sprinkle with icing sugar and serve with a pot of fresh English tea. Enjoy!

Directions Buttercream

Cream the softened butter with the sieved icing sugar and seeds from the vanilla pod (or vanilla essence)


*Caster sugar is also known as castor sugar, superfine sugar, or even baker’s sugar. Caster sugar should not be confused with another sugar you may have used, which also has a few different names: powdered sugar, also known as icing sugar, or confectioners sugar. Powdered sugar is ground into such a fine grain that you can barely see the individual grains with the naked eye. Superfine or caster sugar, on the other hand, is still granular sugar, just a smaller grain than regular sugar.

If you do not have or cannot find caster sugar, then there are a few ways that you can substitute it. For example, you can make your own in a food processor or mimic the effects of caster sugar without using it. 

If you use colder, firmer butter when you cream the butter and sugar together, the sugar grains will break down a little further, much like caster sugar. While butter can become greasy if you cream it with sugar for too long, beginning the process with firmer butter will give you a little more time to whip it with the sugar, which will allow the sugar to break down. This is the option we used. 

Add your regular sugar to a food processor and process it.


  • Add a little extra sugar to account for the amount that may stay in the processor or be processed into dust. 
  • Keep a kitchen towel over the processor’s lid to trap the dust inside a little better. Even with the top on, the particles can spread everywhere.
  • Keep an eye on your sugar as it processes: process approximately 1-2 minutes. If you process it too long, you may accidentally make powdered sugar, which means you may need to start over!

**Self-rising flour combines all-purpose flour, baking powder, and salt. There is a pretty good chance you already have those staples in your pantry.


  •  4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 2 tablespoons baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon fine salt
  1. Measure the flour into a large mixing bowl
  2. Add the baking powder and salt
  3. Whisk to combine
  4. Use or store in an airtight container

Self-rising flour combines all-purpose flour, baking powder, and salt. There is a pretty good chance you already have those staples in your pantry.

***Pure Vanilla Extract: If the recipe calls for extract and you only have essence on hand, you may like to add a touch more. For those who want to go for a natural, chemical-free option, go for extract every time.

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